Lupus disease is an inflammatory autoimmune disease in which the immune system gets hyperactive and damages the healthy tissues and other parts of the body instead of attacking only the foreign invaders, which cause the inflammation.
Types of Lupus Disease
Based on the effect and origin of the disease the lupus is classified as:
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (common and critical)
- Discoid or cutaneous lupus erythematosus
- Drug-induced systemic lupus
- Neonatal lupus
Causes of Lupus Disease
No single factor can be held responsible for the cause. But the research says that the bacterial and viral infection, hormones and overexposure to sunlight provokes the disease.
Factors that mostly affect the development of lupus disease are environmental chemicals, the genetic makeup of a person and viruses.
Drug-induced lupus often occurs as an after effect from the use of prescription medications (such as procainamide and hydralazine). Generally, these symptoms improve after the drug is discontinued. Although this an infection, it is not contagious.
Symptoms of Lupus Disease
The symptoms are not constant and differ widely, at times the symptoms get worse and are called as relapses or flares and when the symptoms are under control they are called as remissions.
They depend on what organ of the body has been affected and how critical the condition is.
The most commonly observed symptoms are suffering from joint pains or arthritis, mild fever, a skin rash (mostly appears when exposed to sun), hair loss and mouth sores.
The extremely affected suffers from kidney, heart, lung, blood vessels and brain problems.
Diagnosis of Lupus Disease
The lupus disease affects different people in different ways. This makes it harder to diagnose the disease. Various tests like blood, urine, etc., are to be performed to confidently diagnose the disease.
As per the research, the blood samples collected from lupus affected patient produces more antibodies than the normal range. Nine out of ten people who are affected by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are women.
Treatment of Lupus Disease
The treatment may include the external and internal medications. Though medications can’t cure lupus completely, but can definitely help lessen the impact and reduce the symptoms.
- Corticosteroids ointment and pimecrolimus cream for the rashes.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for muscle pain and fever.
- Antimalarial medicines to treat fatigue.
The doctor may also recommend the immunosuppressants.
How to Deal with Lupus Disease?
As lupus is a lifelong disease and can become severe, it is mandatory to manage and protect your organs from fatal damage.
- Consume nutritious and well-balanced diet.
- Play it safe in the sun, wear sunscreen and take measures to protect yourself from the sunlight.
- Maintain your physical and mental health.
- Medications can help but so does healthy lifestyle.
- Stay away from over stressing yourself.
- Opt for relaxation therapies
- Say no to alcohol and smoking (which can worsen the conditions).
Find the best ways with which you can cope with it. Talk to your family and friends, and help them understand your needs and limitations when your symptoms flare.
Try to build a strong support system for friends, family, and also your health professionals. Take steps to improve your sense of well-being and your quality of life.